Doctor of Medicine: Foundations of Medicine Elective Courses

MEDU 7520 Medical Spanish - Section 10 Intermediate Medical Spanish with Canopy Learn, Levels II & III
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Elizabeth R. Lorbeer
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Canopy Learn, the Canopy Medical Spanish training course teaches English-speaking providers the skills needed to communicate effectively with Spanish-speaking patients.  With a modular lesson design, this elective can be taken at your own pace. Relevant for all proficiency levels: with three progressive course levels, it’s appropriate for beginners who have little or no prior knowledge of Spanish. Each level is a 12-hour commitment. Reading, writing, listening, and speaking exercises provide learners a diverse, interactive blend of activities that emulate language learning with a tutor. There is a custom written and produced Telenovela focus on the most common practitioner-patient interactions, demonstrating the factual context in which medical Spanish is used.

Prerequisites:  Students should have an intermediate Spanish level proficiency (usually equivalent to three to four college semesters of Spanish).  Learner must achieve a score of 70% pass on the Canopy Pre-Course Assessment Test to enroll in Levels II & III.  The assessment test is available at: http://learn.canopyapps.com/courses/16/trial .

Offered:  All blocks available

Max Number of Students:  Requires course director approval.

Objectives:

Upon completion of this elective, each student will be able to:

  • Build linguistic capacity, enabling the student to build rapport with Spanish-speaking patients better to provide efficient and compassionate care.
  • Acquire specialized medical vocabulary across a board spectrum of commonly-encountered medical scenarios.
  • Gain a deepened awareness of the cultural diversity found in the Spanish-speaking world in addition to an appreciation for the necessity of heightened cultural sensitivity.
ALHS 7510 Selected Topics in Allied Health Sciences
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Approved faculty (Assistant Professor or higher)
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students may develop an individualized course on a topic of their choice under the direction of a faculty member. Students should work with a faculty member to submit the form Elective Proposal to Educational Affairs at least eight weeks prior to the projected start date. The elective must be approved by the Associate Dean for Educational Affairs.

Objectives:

Specific objectives are developed by the student and supervising faculty, and customized for each rotation.

ANES 7510 Selected Topics in Anesthesiology - Section 2 Pharmacology of Anesthetic Agents
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
George, Uggeri
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

This section will provide an introduction to the wide range of pharmacologic agents used within our specialty. Each day the student will be assigned to observe the provision of surgical anesthesia with an emphasis on the use of different families of pharmacological agents. Daily assignments will be made to illustrate the use of local anesthetics, sedatives and hypnotics, inhalational anesthetics, muscle relaxants, and other agents.

Objectives:
  • Upon completion, the student will be able to describe the role and duties of a practicing anesthesiologist in an evolving health care environment
  • The student will be able to describe various families of anesthetic agents and their uses
  • The student will be able to describe the side effects of various anesthetic agents, with an emphasis on respiratory depression, and its treatment
  • The student will be able to describe various economic factors effecting the provision of anesthetic agents such as drug shortages, product recalls, formulary design, and the anesthesia care team
  • The student will understand various factors that influence patient safety in the surgical setting
ANES 7510 Selected Topics in Anesthesiology - Section 3 Pain Management
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
George, Uggeri
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

This elective occurs in an ambulatory Pain Clinic setting where students will be exposed to patients referred for acute and chronic pain management. Students will attend daily clinic and will have assigned outside reading. Students will be exposed to the indications for pain management referral, as well as patient evaluation, drug interactions, and follow-up needs. Student schedules will be arranged so that the total time commitment will average 25-30 hours per week.

Objectives:
  • Upon completion, the student will be able to describe the role and duties of pain management specialists
  • The student will learn introductory knowledge of various pharmacologic approaches to pain management
  • Students will be able to describe patients for whom pain management referral is appropriate
  • Students will be exposed to a variety of nerve blocks used in the management of painful conditions
  • The student will be able to distinguish between the different types of pain
ANES 7510 Selected Topics in Anesthesiology - Section 1 Overview of Anesthesiology
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
George, Uggeri
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

This section will provide an introduction to the specialty of Anesthesiology. Each day the student will be exposed to a different facet of the specialty. Daily assignments might include observing general anesthesia, pediatric anesthesia, regional anesthesia, cardiac anesthesia, neuro-anesthesia, obstetrical anesthesia, and/or outpatient anesthesia.

Objectives:
  • Upon completion, the student will be able to describe the role and duties of a practicing anesthesiologist in an evolving health care environment
  • The student will be able to describe the purpose of surgical anesthesia
  • The student will be able to describe the differences between general anesthesia, regional anesthesia, and monitored anesthesia care
  • The student will be able to describe various procedures performed routinely in the provision of anesthesia care
  • The student will understand various factors that influence patient safety in the surgical setting
AWAY 7110 Away elective at a non-LCME-accredited site
Credits:
1,2,3,4
Directors:
Approved faculty (Assistant Professor or higher)
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Medical student participation in electives for credit away from the medical school is a privilege that is optional and not required for advancement or graduation. Students in Foundations of Medicine may not register for an elective away from the medical school if they have failed the initial summative examination in a course during the current or previous term.

The prefix abbreviation “AWAY” designates a curriculum elective for credit with content approved by the medical school even though the medical school faculty do not directly deliver the curriculum and supervise the students. Different numbers are used for away electives in Foundations of Medicine and Clinical Applications, and for away electives at a Non-LCME accredited site and at a LCME accredited site:

AWAY 7110     Away elective at a non-LCME-accredited site (taken after completing four Foundations of Medicine electives but prior to completing the first third-year clerkship)

AWAY 7120     Away elective at an LCME-accredited site (taken after completing four Foundations of Medicine electives but prior to completing the first third-year clerkship)

AWAY 9110     Away elective at a non-LCME-accredited site (taken after completing the first third-year clerkship)

AWAY 9120     Away elective at an LCME accredited site (taken after completing the first third-year clerkship)

Medical school approval is required of all medical student curriculum experiences away from the medical school to assess the awarding of academic credit, assure that it does not adversely affect the student’s academic progress, and address concerns of student safety, risk, liability, and potential impact on the financial aid status of the student. Electives that are away are graded as Pass/Fail.

A maximum of one of the four required one-week electives in Foundations of Medicine designated by the prefix, AWAY) may be performed at a site that is not affiliated with the medical school and for which the medical school faculty do not directly deliver the curriculum and supervise the students, with prior approval of the associate dean for Educational Affairs.

A maximum of 12 weeks of fourth-year elective clerkships or experiences (designated by the prefix, AWAY) may be performed at sites that are not affiliated with the medical school and for which the medical school faculty do not directly deliver the curriculum and supervise the students (eg, approved electives at other LCME-accredited medical schools), including a maximum of 6 weeks at non-LCME-accredited sites, with prior approval of the associate dean for Educational Affairs.

Objectives:

You will be required to identify four self-directed learning objectives. Upon completion of this elective, you will be asked to reflect on the following two questions:

  1. How did you identify, analyze, and synthesize relevant information to achieve your two objectives?
  2. How did you appraise the credibility of your information sources?
AWAY 7120 Away elective at an LCME-accredited site
Credits:
1,2,3,4
Directors:
Approved faculty (Assistant Professor or higher)
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Medical student participation in electives for credit away from the medical school is a privilege that is optional and not required for advancement or graduation. Students in Foundations of Medicine may not register for an elective away from the medical school if they have failed the initial summative examination in a course during the current or previous term.

The prefix abbreviation “AWAY” designates a curriculum elective for credit with content approved by the medical school even though the medical school faculty do not directly deliver the curriculum and supervise the students. Different numbers are used for away electives in Foundations of Medicine and Clinical Applications, and for away electives at a Non-LCME accredited site and at a LCME accredited site:

AWAY 7110     Away elective at a non-LCME-accredited site (taken after completing four Foundations of Medicine electives but prior to completing the first third-year clerkship)

AWAY 7120     Away elective at an LCME-accredited site (taken after completing four Foundations of Medicine electives but prior to completing the first third-year clerkship)

AWAY 9110     Away elective at a non-LCME-accredited site (taken after completing the first third-year clerkship)

AWAY 9120     Away elective at an LCME accredited site (taken after completing the first third-year clerkship)

Medical school approval is required of all medical student curriculum experiences away from the medical school to assess the awarding of academic credit, assure that it does not adversely affect the student’s academic progress, and address concerns of student safety, risk, liability, and potential impact on the financial aid status of the student. Electives that are away are graded as Pass/Fail.

A maximum of one of the four required one-week electives in Foundations of Medicine designated by the prefix, AWAY) may be performed at a site that is not affiliated with the medical school and for which the medical school faculty do not directly deliver the curriculum and supervise the students, with prior approval of the associate dean for Educational Affairs.

A maximum of 12 weeks of fourth-year elective clerkships or experiences (designated by the prefix, AWAY) may be performed at sites that are not affiliated with the medical school and for which the medical school faculty do not directly deliver the curriculum and supervise the students (eg, approved electives at other LCME-accredited medical schools), including a maximum of 6 weeks at non-LCME-accredited sites, with prior approval of the associate dean for Educational Affairs.

Objectives:

You will be required to identify four self-directed learning objectives. Upon completion of this elective, you will be asked to reflect on the following two questions:

  1. How did you identify, analyze, and synthesize relevant information to achieve your two objectives?
  2. How did you appraise the credibility of your information sources?
BINF 7510 Selected Topics in Biomedical Informatics - Section 1 Introduction to Scholarly Journal Publishing
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Lorbeer
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

This exploratory topic is designed for students who are interested in the mechanics of scholarly publishing, editorship and authorship as part of their academic career. Publishing now encompasses a broader, more interdisciplinary skill set that includes digital publishing technologies, data repositories, open peer review, and research funding mandates on depositing final post-prints. Students will gain knowledge in the publishing process including types of published works, publisher business models, the peer review process, authors’ rights in regards to copyright, and research integrity.

Total time expectation will be 20-30 hours per week with time allowed for students to prepare before meeting by completing assigned readings or individual learning activities.

Objectives:
  • To become familiar with the scholarly publishing process
  • To become familiar with the roles and responsibilities of the publisher, editor and author
  • To recognize authority resources for critically evaluating and measuring research influence and impact of journal titles in a discipline
  • To understand the role of article level metrics and its measured activity around academic research
  • To become familiar with the peer-review process, and author-rights and how it relates to copyright
  • To identify research bias, funder transparency, and ethical behavior in disseminating scientific discovery in scholarly communication
BINF 7510 Selected Topics in Biomedical Informatics - Section 2 Developing Your Publication Plan
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Lorbeer
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

This topic will provide students the opportunity to explore and formulate a proposal for planning, conducting, and publishing their scholarly research project. Students are guided through the scholarly writing and publishing process to successfully find the appropriate outlet to disseminate their work.

Total time expectation will be 20-30 hours per week with time allowed for students to prepare before meeting by completing assigned readings and their individual publication plan.

Objectives:
  • To identify the essential steps of planning and writing a scholarly paper.
  • To develop a personal publication plan
  • To understand the pros and cons of collaborative authorship and engaging in ethical behavior by citing sources and avoiding plagiarism
  • To learn how to identify and approach a writing mentor
  • To identify publication opportunities
  • To describe the writing process, including management of deadlines, resources that can assist in the literature search, following author guidelines, and preparing manuscripts for publication
  • To learn strategies for getting published and handling rejection
BINF 7510 Selected Topics in Biomedical Informatics - Section 3 Doctor and Patient: Gathering the Whole Story
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Costello, Bauler
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

The Doctor and Patient: Gathering the whole story elective is a one-week, skills oriented course. The course is designed to help students enhance the humanization of medicine in their practice by utilizing study of the arts. Narratives are a constant in medicine, used to assess patient problems, educate other physicians, critically analyze situations, and as a means of personal expression. The generalization of patients as bodies can undermine our interpretation of any critical information a patients’ narrative may hold. In addition, acceptance into residency programs is dependent upon a compelling written personal statement. In this elective, students will utilize active learning activities to improve their communication, observation, empathy, critical thinking, and resiliency skills - the goal is to enhance student's practice of medicine and to help them write an effective and impactful personal statement. Activities include identifying fine details in artwork to promote observation skills - this mimics attention-to-detail that is requisite for proper physical examinations. Students will learn about processes of constructing captivating narratives, various forms of writing, and the use of metaphors in medicine. Reflective writing exercises will be utilized to develop critical thinking, empathy, and demonstrate tools useful for self- resiliency. The course will also introduce basic computational techniques to help identify mental health conditions that the patient may not explicitly present. Students will produce several writing samples which will undergo sentiment analysis to identify emotionality present in their language use. The goal is to help students grasp how language usage can be assessed to improve their communication skills thereby not only enhancing their clinical practice but also helping them succeed in future endeavors. The elective is design to be interactive and engaging, with active participation from all students.

Students will need to prepare before class by completing assigned readings and individual activities (or tasks) in order to participate in class. The first day of the elective will discuss the mechanics of the course, expectations, and general overview of the topic. Subsequent days will include critical observation of a student-selected piece of art in the community followed by a written description; careful reading and analysis of narrative works focused on clinical encounters; poetry or prose workshop; and computational narrative analysis of written samples. Students will complete baseline and summative assessments on empathy and observation, to determine if these skills improved during the course. Students will finish the elective with several written pieces designed to improve their written communication skills.

Offering: Minimum of 2 students required

Objectives:
  • Demonstrate an enhanced ability to write robust personal statements 

  • Apply techniques learned by art-viewing to patient image analysis and clinical observation 

  • Express emotions about particularly difficult clinical/ patient interactions
  • Analyze word-emotion usage patterns in language via computational narrative analysis 

  • Critically assess, interpret, and understand experiences in health care via writing
  • Demonstrate increased empathy and communication by utilizing study of the arts Apply the study of the arts to clinical training
BIOM 7510 Selected Topics in Biomedical Sciences - Section 1 Advanced Anatomy Prosection
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Woodcock
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students will perform an advanced prosection of a specific body region (e.g., Head and Neck, Thorax, Abdomen, Spinal Cord, Upper Limb, Lower Limb, or Pelvis). In addition, students will annotate at least two articles with reference to: standard bibliographic reference and a concise synthesis of the article. Students are evaluated according to their ability to summarize and articulate how each publication relates to their prosection and integrate it with medical practice. Upon completion of the prosection, students will present their project to an instructor and other students enrolled in the elective. The final presentation will

include a description of the anatomy of the prosected region, any pathologies that were discovered during the process and how they may have presented in life, and how the prosection relates to the literature review.

Total time expectation is 20-30 hours per week.

Objectives:
  • Be able to demonstrate and describe the structures and relationships of specific body regions
  • Be able to search for and find appropriate anatomical literature
  • Be able to integrate literature review and laboratory experience
CLIN 7510 Selected Topics in Clinical Medicine
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Approved faculty (Assistant Professor or higher)
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students may develop an individualized course on a topic of their choice under the direction of a faculty member. Students should work with a faculty member to submit the form Elective Proposal to Educational Affairs at least eight weeks prior to the projected start date. The elective must be approved by the Associate Dean for Educational Affairs.

Objectives:

Specific objectives are developed by the student and supervising faculty, and customized for each rotation.

EMER 7510 Selected Topics in Emergency Medicine - Section 4 Emergency Medicine Research
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Overton
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students with ongoing involvement in select projects may receive permission to devote a week of dedicated time to participate in research projects within the Department of Emergency Medicine. Individual faculty members will sponsor and supervise research projects jointly developed by the individual student and the faculty member. Maximum time expectation will be 25-30 hours.

Objectives:

Upon completion of this elective, students will be able to:

  • Provide a guided research experience with in the Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Become acquainted with different categories of IRB proposals
  • Acquire an appreciation for the value of a well-developed research project
  • Perform a comprehensive literature search, including online medical literature retrieval and the use the internet/medical search tools/websites
  • Advance the project toward a final goal and potential publication
  • Understand the required steps involved with the submission and presentation at a regional or national conference
  • Further objectives will be customized to the individual project
EMER 7510 Selected Topics in Emergency Medicine - Section 1 Emergency Medicine
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Kothari
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students will work alongside emergency medicine faculty and senior level residents caring for patients in a high volume emergency department. Students will work three, eight hour ED shifts, and will also attend weekly emergency medicine conferences. Total time expectations will be 25-30 hours per week.

Objectives:
  • Develop a basic differential of common emergent causes of:
  • Abdominal pain
  • Chest pain
  • Headache
  • Respiratory Distress
EMER 7510 Selected Topics in Emergency Medicine - Section 2 Emergency Medical Services
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Mastenbrook
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students will gain familiarity with a high performance prehospital EMS system. Along with EMS faculty and staff, they will attend various standing administrative meetings, and weekly emergency medicine grand rounds/simulation. They will complete two 8-hour ride along shifts with paramedics and one 8-hour ride along shift with medical first responder firefighters. Total time expectations will be approximately 25-30 hours per week.

Not offered July-September

Objectives:
  • Understand the EMS system function
  • Provide examples of pre-hospital medical direction (online and offline) and physician oversight
  • *Participation in the provision of pre-hospital care
  • Define the role of members of the prehospital health team
  • Experience interactions with members of the prehospital health team
EMER 7510 Selected Topics in Emergency Medicine - Section 3 Medical Response Unit
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Mastenbrook
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Alongside senior emergency medicine resident physicians, students will ride along on WMed’s Medical Response Unit, a specially-outfitted EMS response vehicle equipped with emergency response capabilities, medical equipment and tools not available on standard ambulances. Students will respond to major high-acuity EMS calls such as multi-casualty incidents, cardiac arrests, multi-alarm fires and major traumas. Students will attend weekly emergency medicine grand rounds/simulation, and will work three 8-hour shifts for a total time expectation of approximately 25-30 hours per week.

Not offered July-September

Objectives:
  • Understand the EMS system function
  • Provide examples of pre-hospital medical direction (online and offline) and physician oversight
  • Participation in the provision of pre-hospital care
  • Define the role of members of the prehospital health team
  • Experience interactions with members of the prehospital health team
EPID 7510 Selected Topics in Epidemiology and Biostatistics - Section 1 Writing and Publishing a Case Report: An Elective Cure for Hypergraphia
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Laura Bauer
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

This course will provide an overview on best practices in writing case reports. Students will learn how to conduct a literature review, define the rationale for presenting a case, write a concise and focused case report, and edit their initial manuscript to produce a first draft. The goal of this course is to provide students with a guided writing experience to prepare them for future writing in medicine. For motivated students, a publication could also result from their work, although that will require additional investment beyond the course.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Identify the rationale for publishing a case
  • Conduct a literature review
  • Distinguish the components of a publication-worthy case report
  • Compose a case report manuscript and cover letter
FMED 7510 Selected Topics in Family and Community Medicine - Section 1 Family Medicine Maternity Care
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Wilke, Graves
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Description and time expectation: This is a 30-hour experience. The first day of the course is devoted to completing the Basic Life Support in Obstetrics (BLSO ©) course. Subsequently, the student will work with the residents and faculty in triage and on Labor and Delivery, involved directly in prenatal care and delivery.

Objectives:
  • To equip students with the basic skills needed to assist in normal and emergency obstetric situations
FMED 7510 Selected Topics in Family and Community Medicine - Section 2 Sports Medicine
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Wilke, Graves
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

This is a 30-hour experience. The student will work directly with fellows and faculty in the ambulatory setting providing pre-participation evaluations and evaluation and treatment of musculoskeletal injuries.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week.  July thru Septembe

Objectives:
  • Evaluate common sport-related musculoskeletal problems
  • Evaluate common medical disorders with implications for sports participation
  • Conduct pre-participation evaluation
  • Discuss common procedures in treating sports related problems
FMED 7510 Selected Topics in Family and Community Medicine - Section 4 Ambulatory Family Medicine
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Wilke, Graves
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Description and time expectation: This is a 30-hour experience. The student will work directly with the residents and faculty in the ambulatory setting and can expect to be involved directly in preventative services, care of acute and chronic conditions, prenatal care, and basic office procedures.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Develop an understanding of the biopsychosocial model in health care
  • Become familiar with the evaluation and management of common acute presentations presenting to a primary care office
  • Use an evidenced based approach to treat chronic medical conditions presenting to a primary care office
  • Apply basic principles and evidence regarding prevention to patients of all ages
FMED 7510 Selected Topics in Family and Community Medicine - Section 6 Migrant Farmworker Health Elective
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Mack
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students will gain experience providing health services for medically underserved migrant farmworkers in southwest Michigan. Specifically, students will join InterCare medical personnel in a mobile clinic that travels from farm to farm, in a fixed clinic located in Bangor, MI, and traveling to farmworker housing to perform health screenings. Responsibilities will include assisting InterCare medical personnel with obtaining patient medical histories and performing physical examinations. This elective experience lasts 3 days; each day students will commute to and from Bangor, MI, via personal vehicle (~40 minute trip).

Total time expectation: 25-30 hours per week.

Offered: During Year 2, June-September only

Objectives:
  • Understand health disparities that affect the migrant farmworker population.
  • Become familiar with the challenges of both providing and obtaining medical services for a migrant population.
  • Be able to deliver culturally competent care.
FMED 7510 Selected Topics in Family and Community Medicine - Section 7 Migrant Health Outreach
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Bouchard & Dickson
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

The purpose of this longitudinal elective is to facilitate health care for the migrant population during the picking season which is from April to October. The Holy Family Health Practice- of Dr. Don Bouchard serves primarily the migrant population in Hartford Michigan. The practice is predominantly pediatric however some adults are seen with the family practice nurse provider and volunteer family physician. The practice owns and operates a mobile health care unit that serves migrant workers on the weekends while they are in the fields.

Students who elect to take this elective will have an opportunity to understand the health care needs as well as social determinants that impact the migrant population first hand. They will also have the opportunity to learn how to work with interpreters, and to participate in taking histories and patient examinations. 

Objectives:

Upon completion of this course, each student will be able to:

  1. Discuss common health problems of the migrant population
  2. Practice providing health care services using an interpreter
  3. Practice history taking and physical examination skills
  4. Facilitate delivery of supplies to families in need such as food and clothing that is donated
IND 7110 Independent Study
Credits:
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8
Directors:
Vandre
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

This course may be taken after completing four Foundations of Medicine electives but prior to completing the first third-year clerkship. Independent Study may be taken for 1 – 8 weeks and is used to study for examination requirements such as the NBME Comprehensive Basic Science Exam

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective weeks and during Year 3 first rotation

Objectives:

You will be required to identify four self-directed learning objectives. Upon completion of this elective, you will be asked to reflect on the following two questions:

  1. How did you identify, analyze, and synthesize relevant information to achieve your two objectives?
  2. How did you appraise the credibility of your information sources?

 

 

 

INTL 7110 International Health
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Woodhams
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

The medical school may sponsor international health activities, including courses and clerkships, that are taught by medical school faculty who deliver the curriculum and supervise the medical students. These are designated by the prefix abbreviation “INTL.” All international travelers on school‑sponsored activities must comply with medical school policy GEN09, International Travel for Activities Sponsored by the Medical School. Medical student participation in international health activities away from the medical school is a privilege that is optional and not required for advancement or graduation. Students in Foundations of Medicine may not register for an international health activity if they have failed the initial summative examination in a course during the current or previous term.

A maximum of one of the four required one-week electives in Foundations of Medicine may be performed at an international site for which the medical school faculty directly deliver the curriculum and supervise the students, with prior approval of the associate dean for Educational Affairs.

The lead faculty member for a school‑sponsored international activity that involves students or residents/fellows is required to serve as the Campus Safety Authority (CSA) for the activity as stipulated in medical school policy GEN09, International Travel for Activities Sponsored by the Medical School. This requires notification to the Chief Safety and Security Officer (director of Facilities) and completion of the required CSA training prior to departure. Within five business days following the conclusion of the activity the lead faculty member must submit a crime report to the Chief Safety and Security Officer.

The medical school does not permit international travel on school‑sponsored activities to locations for which the US Department of State has issued a Travel Warning that remains in place. Individuals who travel internationally on school‑sponsored activities are expected to heed US Department of State Travel Alerts about disturbances and elevated risks.

All international travelers on school‑sponsored activities are required to obtain all necessary immunizations and take all necessary precautions appropriate for the travel sites and the activities conducted.

All international travelers on school‑sponsored activities are required to enroll in the US Department of State Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP). This is a free program that provides you with travel alerts and warnings, and makes it easier for the US Department of State to locate you in an emergency.

The medical school has insurance that provides for emergency assistance, including emergency medical evacuation and repatriation coverage, for medical students, residents/fellows, and faculty while traveling internationally on school‑sponsored activities. Individuals on school‑sponsored international activities must create a personal profile and register the trip with ACE Executive Assistance Services atwww.acetravelapp.com using policy number PHFD38379173. Further information is available from Human Resources or the office of Faculty Affairs.

Objectives:

Specific objectives are developed by the student and supervising faculty, and customized for each rotation.

INTL 7110 Selected Topics in International Health Section 1 Global Health Initiative
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Woodhams
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

This elective is in the second term of the second-year of medical school. The elective consists of eight two‑hour interactive discussions led by faculty with a student moderator. Each event includes preparatory readings and videos related to the discussion topic.

Each student is responsible for developing and moderating a one‑hour educational event as assigned by the course director.

Student Requirements

  • Attending a minimum of 7 of the 8 events. For 2017-18, events are held on the following Fridays:
    • November 10, 2017
    • December 1, 2017
    • December 8, 2017
    • January 12, 2018
    • January 26, 2018
    • February 23, 2018
    • March 2, 2018
    • March 9, 2018
  • Serving as a student moderator as assigned for one event.
  • Demonstrate engagement and professionalism.
    • Read assigned materials ahead of time.
    • Arrive on time.
    • Take responsibility for your own education.
  • Demonstrate competence in interpersonal and communication skills working with patients and other health care team members.

Offered: Limited to second-year students only. Maximum enrollment of 15 students.

Objectives:
  1. Describe global health as a field, its history, relevance of millennium development goals, and the role that physicians have in influencing health within a community when considered from a global perspective.
  2. Identify some of the factors (eg, political, social, historical, economic, environmental) that have contributed to the spread of infectious diseases globally and in lower and middle-income countries in particular.
  3. Describe how economic disparities affect health in differing populations and the challenges and successes of addressing these disparities.
  4. Describe how public infrastructure and culture affect health in differing settings around the world.
  5. Demonstrate leadership skills in developing and implementing a global health educational session with colleagues.
MED 7510 Selected Topics in Medicine - Section 16 Gastroenterology
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Melissa Olken, MD, PhD
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Gastrointestinal diseases, both acute and chronic, are common complaints of the adult patient. Students will become more familiar with the evaluation and management of those GI conditions that have not been able to be managed by patient's primary care physician.

Objectives:

The student will be able to describe and define the following conditions frequently encountered in the adult patient with GI complaints. This includes familiarity with the appropriate history features and physical exam findings seen in the specific GI conditions, the differential diagnosis for patients with specific symptoms (but no diagnosis yet) and evidence-based management strategies.

  1. Gastroesophageal reflux
  2. Common causes of GI bleeding, upper (ulcers, varices) and lower (diverticulitis, various colitis conditions, cancer)
  3. Diarrhea
  4. Nausea and vomiting
  5. Cirrhosis (due to any cuase)
  6. Colon polyps and cancer
MED 7510 Selected Topics in Medicine - Section 1 General Internal Medicine Clinic
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Loehrke
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students will work alongside departmental faculty and supervising residents caring for internal medicine patients in the Department’s Internal Medicine Clinic. Students will attend Pre-Clinic Conference (8am) with the faculty & residents and then attend clinic from 8:30 AM to 12 noon. Students will also attend weekly Internal Medicine block conferences. Time expected is 20-30 hours per week.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • See common clinical problems in outpatient Internal Medicine practice, including triage of acute and chronic problems and provision of appropriate preventive medicine services
  • Assesses purpose of each patient visit, eliciting a level-appropriate history and exam related to presenting problem(s)
  • Demonstrate appropriate interactions and relationships with patients and families
  • Demonstrate appropriate awareness of potential roadblocks to patient compliance, including patient educational level, language barriers, financial resources, and support systems available for transportation and implementation of diagnostic and treatment plans
MED 7510 Selected Topics in Medicine - Section 2 Cardiology
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Loehrke
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students will work alongside internal medicine residents and faculty affiliated with Advanced Cardiology. Students will attend morning report with faculty & resident, as well as attend weekly Internal Medicine block conferences. They will work with assigned residents and faculty in the inpatient setting. Total time expected is 20-30 hours.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Obtain a level-appropriate cardiac history
  • Perform a level-appropriate cardiovascular exam
  • Recognize patients presenting with CHF
  • List a level- appropriate differential diagnosis of patients presenting with chest pain
MED 7510 Selected Topics in Medicine - Section 3 Infectious Disease
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Loehrke
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students will work alongside internal medicine residents and ID faculty. Students will attend morning report with faculty & residents as well as weekly Internal Medicine block conference. Total time expected is 20-30 hours.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Obtain a level-appropriate history from patients suspected of having infectious diseases
  • Perform a level-appropriate exam on such patients.
  • Understand basic microbiology and prevention of infectious diseases
  • Understand basic principles of epidemiology and transmission of infection including environmental, occupational and host factors that predispose to infection
MED 7510 Selected Topics in Medicine - Section 5 Palliative Medicine
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Loehrke
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

 Students will work alongside internal medicine residents and faculty. Students will attend morning report with faculty & residents as well as weekly Internal Medicine block conference. Total time expected is 20-30 hours.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Obtain a level-appropriate history from patients needing palliative medicine consultation
  • Perform a level-appropriate exam on such patients
  • Recognize medical, social and psychological decision affecting palliative care
  • Participate in family meetings with multidisciplinary teams for determination of appropriate care
MED 7510 Selected Topics in Medicine - Section 6 Academic Internal Medicine
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Loehrke
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students will work alongside internal medicine residents and faculty in the inpatient Academic Medicine service of either Bronson Methodist Hospital or Borgess Medical Center. Students will attend sign out rounds (7am) and morning report (at 8am) with the faculty & residents, as well as attending weekly Internal Medicine block conferences. Total time expected is 20-30 hours.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Obtain a level-appropriate history from patients presenting to the Academic medicine service
  • Perform a level-appropriate exam on such patients.
  • List level-appropriate differential diagnoses on such patients
  • Demonstrate appropriate interpersonal communication skills with patients, families and team
MED 7510 Selected Topics in Medicine - Section 7 General Medical Hematology/Oncology
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Berger
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Under the supervision of Drs. Sreenivasa Chandana, Sunil Nagpal, Sanja Kaluza and Mohammad Omaira, students will gain exposure to a general medical hematology/oncology patient population. They will attend all Tumor Conferences, and round with medical oncologists and hematologists. Students will present one patient with a hematological disease to their supervising faculty. Readings will be assigned from Up-To-Date regarding specific conditions encountered. Students report at 7:00 a.m. Monday-Friday and maximum time expectation is 30 hours per week.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:

Specific objectives are developed by the student and supervising faculty, and customized for each rotation.

MED 7510 Selected Topics in Medicine - Section 9 GYN Oncology
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Hoekstra
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Under the supervision of Drs. Anna Hoekstra and Ben Mize, students will gain a basic understanding of the diagnosis and treatment of cancer of the female reproductive tract. Readings will be assigned from Up-To-Date regarding at least one type of GYN cancer. Students report at 7:00 a.m. Monday-Friday and maximum time expectation is 30 hours per week.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Understand risk factors for each gynecologic malignancy: uterine, ovarian, vulvar, cervical cancer and gestational trophoblastic disease
  2. Identify diagnostic tests and symptoms of each disease site
  3. Review basic treatment approach to each disease site
  4. Introduction of the student to basic interaction with patients and basic physical exam skills
MED 7510 Selected Topics in Medicine - Section 10 Inpatient Hematology/Oncology
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Berger
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Under the supervision of Drs. Linda Grossheim, Jeffrey Radawski, and Daniel Schroyer, students will be introduced to general principles of radiation oncology. They will gain a basic understanding of treatment planning, dosimetry, and the general side effects of radiation therapy. Students will attend Tumor Conferences. Readings will include relevant Up-To-Date articles and NCCN guidelines. Students report at 7:00 a.m. Monday-Friday and maximum time expectation is 30 hours per week.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:

Specific objectives are developed by the student and supervising faculty, and customized for each rotation.

MED 7510 Selected Topics in Medicine - Section 11 Introduction to Radiation Oncology
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Grossheim, Mislmani
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Under the supervision of Drs. Linda Grossheim, Jeffrey Radawski, Dr. Mazen Mislmani and Daniel Schroyer, students will be introduced to general principles of radiation oncology. They will gain a basic understanding of treatment planning, dosimetry, and the general side effects of radiation therapy. Students will attend Tumor Conferences. Readings will include relevant Up-To-Date articles and NCCN guidelines. Students report at 7:00 a.m. Monday-Friday and maximum time expectation is 30 hours per week.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:

Upon completion of this elective, students will be able to:

  • Familiarize the participant with the indications for radiation therapy and the basics of how it is administered.
MED 7510 Selected Topics in Medicine - Section 13 General Neurology
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Jewett
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students will work alongside neurology faculty in the outpatient Neurology offices of Bronson Neuroscience Center. Students will also participate in inpatient neurology consults, as available, with neurology faculty. Students will attend all neurology conferences as available. Total time expectation is 20-30 hours.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Obtain a level-appropriate history from patients presenting to the neurology service
  • Perform a level-appropriate exam
  • List level-appropriate differential diagnoses on patients
  • Recognize the presenting features of common neurologic disorders
  • Demonstrate appropriate interpersonal communication skills with patients, families, and team
MED 7510 Selected Topics in Medicine - Section 15 Selected Topics in Medicine Physiatry
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Yu
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students may develop an individualized course on a topic of their choice under the direction of a faculty member. Students should work with a faculty member to submit the form Elective Proposal to Educational Affairs at least eight weeks prior to the projected start date. The elective must be approved by the Associate Dean for Educational Affairs.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Gain insights into the broad field of physiatry, specifically medical spine care, through reading, observation, and patient care.
  • Observe and perform focused history taking and physical examination of patients presenting with spine pain.
  • Observe and learn indications for performing electrodiagnostic studies of the limbs for the spine pain population who present with peripheral pain and neurologic complaints.
  • Observe and learn indications for interventional spinal injection procedures for low back pain.
MEDE 7510 Selected Topics in Medical Engineering
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Approved faculty (Assistant Professor or higher)
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students may develop an individualized course on a topic of their choice under the direction of a faculty member. Students should work with a faculty member to submit the form Elective Proposal to Educational Affairs at least eight weeks prior to the projected start date. The elective must be approved by the Associate Dean for Educational Affairs.

Objectives:

Specific objectives are developed by the student and supervising faculty, and customized for each rotation.

MEDU 7510 Selected Topics in Medical Education - Section 8 Mentoring High School Students in a Summer Science Camp
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Dickson
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

This is a one week elective where M1 and M2 medical students will have the opportunity to work with Kalamazoo Public High School Students who participated in the Early Introduction to Healthcare Careers-2 pipeline program. Medical Students will have the opportunity to help develop curriculum and facilitate teaching in anatomy, pharmacology, physiology in a hands-on, interactive approach to learning and teaching. The elective helps support partnership with community, working with students who are minority and underprivileged to help foster an interest in science and math and encourage them to pursue higher education.

Objectives:
  • Creation of science curriculum with health science focus for high school students
  • Develop mentorship with high school students through facilitation of pipeline summer camp
  • Facilitate high school students’ success in completion of high school
  • Facilitate medical experiential activities in partnership with physicians and hospital staff
MEDU 7510 Selected Topics in Medical Education - Section 1 The Medical Career
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Graves
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students will work with medical educators to understand what is involved in a variety of career paths for new physicians, including academic medicine. In addition to discussion with faculty members, students will read books and articles on medical careers and interview three physicians on three different career paths. When feasible, students will shadwo physicians engaged in varied career paths. On completion of this elective, students will be able to describe possible choices for their own careers. Total time expectation will be 25-30 hours per week.

Objectives:

Upon completion of this elective, the student will be able to:

  1. Discuss the variety of career paths for new physicians
  2. Compare the variety of career paths available
  3. Explain advantages and disadvantages of career paths based on interview with three physicians
MEDU 7510 Selected Topics in Medical Education - Section 2 Teaching & Learning in Medical School
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Crooks
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students will work with medical educators to understand how medical students learn and how different styles of teaching enable or detract from student learning. In addition to discussion with faculty members, students will read books and articles on learning and teaching styles and will design a teaching module in a subject of their choice. On completion of this elective, students will be able to design a teaching module from objectives to assessment. Total time expectation will be 25-30 hours per week.

Objectives:

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Explain the meaning of a systematic approach to instruction
  2. Describe the importance and essential elements of a needs assessment
  3. Write an instructional aim
  4. Write instructional goals that align with an instructional aim
  5. Conduct task and topic analyses of instructional goals
  6. Write performance objectives based on task and topic analyses.
  7. Develop assessment instruments aligned with performance objectives
  8. Develop instructional strategies for objectives based on curent research in cognitive science
  9. Develop instructional materials based on research-based principles in instructional message design
  10. Develop formative and summative evaluation plans
MEDU 7510 Selected Topics in Medical Education - Section 3 Educational Research – The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Graves
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students will work with medical educators to design or implement a research project on the impact of teaching strategies on medical student learning. In addition to discussion with faculty members, students will read a variety of books and articles on educational research design and propose a study based on their own interests. On completion of this elective, students will be able to propose an educational research project. Interested students will be supported to participate in medical education research. Total time expectation will be 20-25 hours per week.

Objectives:

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Discuss elements of educational research design
  2. Discuss differenes and similarities between medical education research and clinical research
  3. Propose an education research project based on student's interests
MEDU 7510 Selected Topics in Medical Education - Section 4 Massage Therapy Elective – An Overview and Experience
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Bibik
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

This course will provide an overview of massage therapy. Students will learn about the benefits of massage therapy as well as therapeutic massage techniques. Massage techniques will be demonstrated, practiced, and received by students. Through this approach, students will understand and experience the benefits and importance of therapy for their own health as well as for their patients.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Understand the importance of self-care for physicians and patient well-being
  • Understand and experience the benefits of massage therapy
  • Understand the broad spectrum of benefits of massage therapy in the management of stress and promotion of health/wellness
  • Understand and demonstrate effective and safe preparation of massage equipment
  • Understand and demonstrate effective and appropriate preparation prior to giving a massage, draping techniques, and full-body relaxation massage
MEDU 7510 Selected Topics in Medical Education - Section 5 Animated Presentations in Medical Education
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
McKinney
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students will work alongside Medical Education faculty and staff to produce a focused animated presentation to be used in preclinical medical education. Students will attend instructional meetings and work independently. Total time expectations will be 25-30 hours per week.

Objectives: Upon completion of the elective the student should develop a basic animated presentation to explain a med-biological process.

Reading: Students will be exposed to a variety of options available to produce animated presentations, and read on the benefit of using animation for learning. Reading and video sources will include selections from the tentative references listed below.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Analyze the components of a bio-medical concept
  • Create a storyboard with script of the steps involved in a selected bio-medical process
  • Develop a 5 to 10 minute animated presentation of a med-biological process
MEDU 7510 Selected Topics in Medical Education - Section 6 Self-Care and Wellness for the Medical Student
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Milnes
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

This is an experiential class introducing students to a holistic wellness approach based on various self-care and stress reduction techniques that can be incorporated into a personal wellness plan. Self-care and stress reduction techniques help reduce career burnout, support injury prevention and maintain health in medical students. Students will be guided through physical, behavioral, and mental techniques to enhance a general self-care and wellness personal plan. Topics such as stress, sleep, nutrition, meditation, and massage will be discussed.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Identify personal stressors
  • Identify self-care activities to maintain health
  • Implement stress management tools
  • Create a personal wellness plan
MEDU 7520 Medical Spanish - Section 9 Beginning Medical Spanish with Canopy Learn, Levels I & II
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Elizabeth R. Lorbeer
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Canopy Learn, the Canopy Medical Spanish training course teaches English-speaking providers the skills needed to communicate effectively with Spanish-speaking patients. With a modular lesson design, this elective can be taken at your own pace. Relecant for all proficiency levels: with progressive course levels, it's appropriate for beginners who have little or no prior knowledge of Spanish. Each level is a 12-hour commitment. Reading, writing, listening, and speaking exercises provide learners a diverse, interactive blend of activities that emulate language learning with a tutor. There is a custom written and produced Telenovela focus on the most common practitioner-patient interactions, demonstrating the factual context in which medical Spanish is used.

Objectives:

Upon completion of this elective, each student will be able to:

  • Build linguistic capacity, enabling the student to build rapport with Spanish-speaking patients better to provide efficient and compassionate care.
  • Acquire specialized medical vocabulary across a broad spectrum of commonly-ecncoutered medical scenarios.
  • Gain a deepened awareness of the cultural diversity found in the Spanish-speaking world in addition to an appreciation for the necessity of heightened cultural sensitivity.
MEHL 7510 Selected Topics in Medical Ethics
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Approved faculty (Assistant Professor or higher)
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students may develop an individualized course on a topic of their choice under the direction of a faculty member. Students should work with a faculty member to submit the form Elective Proposal to Educational Affairs at least eight weeks prior to the projected start date. The elective must be approved by the Associate Dean for Educational Affairs.

Objectives:

Specific objectives are developed by the student and supervising faculty, and customized for each rotation.

MEHL 7511 Selected Topics in Medical Humanities
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Approved faculty (Assistant Professor or higher)
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students may develop an individualized course on a topic of their choice under the direction of a faculty member. Students should work with a faculty member to submit the form Elective Proposal to Educational Affairs at least eight weeks prior to the projected start date. The elective must be approved by the Associate Dean for Educational Affairs.

Objectives:

Specific objectives are developed by the student and supervising faculty, and customized for each rotation.

MEHL 7512 Selected Topics in Health Law
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Approved faculty (Assistant Professor or higher)
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students may develop an individualized course on a topic of their choice under the direction of a faculty member. Students should work with a faculty member to submit the form Elective Proposal to Educational Affairs at least eight weeks prior to the projected start date. The elective must be approved by the Associate Dean for Educational Affairs.

Objectives:

Determined by the student and faculty member.

OBGY 7510 Selected Topics in Obstetrics and Gynecology - Section 1 General Obstetrics and Gynecology
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
McGhee, Rebar, Taubel
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students will work alongside departmental faculty and supervising residents caring for patients in Bronson or Borgess Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Time expected is no more than 30 hours per week.

Offered: case by case basis

Objectives:
  • Describe the specialty of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Discuss current issues faced by women’s health care providers
  • Discuss common patient conditions in obstetrics and gynecology
  • Discuss common procedures in obstetrics and gynecology
ORTH 7510 Selected Topics in Orthopaedic Surgery
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Approved faculty (Assistant Professor or higher)
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students may develop an individualized course on a topic of their choice under the direction of a faculty member. Students should work with a faculty member to submit the form Elective Proposal to Educational Affairs at least eight weeks prior to the projected start date. The elective must be approved by the Associate Dean for Educational Affairs.

Objectives:

Specific objectives are developed by the student and supervising faculty, and customized for each rotation.

PATH 7510 Selected Topics in Pathology - Section 1 Introduction to Forensic Pathology
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Douglas
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students will work alongside forensic pathology faculty and staff providing forensic pathology services in a high volume medical examiner’s office. Students will shadow the autopsy assistants, in house investigators, and pathologists for five days, and will also attend daily forensic pathology conferences. Total time expectations will be 20-30 hours per week.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • The role and responsibilities of the medical examiner’s office
  • Deaths that are reportable to the medical examiner’s office
  • Case selection for direct release, external examination, limited examination, and complete autopsy
  • Death certification, including the responsibility of the primary care physician
PATH 7510 Selected Topics in Pathology - Section 3 Autopsy Service
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Douglas
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Alongside Pathology faculty and staff, students will observe and assist with medical examiner’s office autopsies. Students will assist the autopsy technicians with tasks such as fingerprinting, toxicology specimen collection, evisceration, and preparing the body for release to the funeral home. Students will attend morning conference, observe and assist with daily postmortem examinations, and sign-out rounds for a total time expectation of approximately 20-30 hours per week.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Indications for postmortem examination (view, external examination, limited examination, complete autopsy)
  • Evisceration technique
  • Evidence, toxicology specimen, and histology specimen collection
  • Indications for special dissections
PATH 7510 Selected Topics in Pathology - Section 4 Forensic Pathology Consultants
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Douglas
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Alongside clinical staff from clinical labs and criminalistics, the student will become familiar with the referral laboratories that produce the reports used to assist the forensic pathologist in reaching conclusions regarding cause and manner of death. This includes rotations with anthropology, the histology lab, core laboratory (including chemistry and microbiology), and spending a half day with the Kalamazoo Sheriff’s Office Crime lab for a total time expectation of approximately 20-30 hours per week.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Develop and demonstrate an understanding of the indications of additional studies
  • Describe and adhere to appropriate use of additional tests
  • Maintain professional and positive relations with referral labs and law enforcement
PATH 7510 Selected Topics in Pathology - Section 5 Cause of Death, Manner of Death, and Beyond
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Douglas
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Alongside the pathology faculty, students will assimilate all the components of the postmortem examination, from the death scene investigation to assimilating the autopsy findings with ancillary tests to arrive at a cause and manner of death. Students will be given a sample case to work through and generate their own sample autopsy report. Students will present their case at consensus conference, with a full oral presentation of how they have arrived at their final anatomic diagnoses, cause of death, and manner of death. Students will gain an understanding of the use of a forensic pathology autopsy report through attendance of death review committee meetings, attorney meetings, and accompany the pathologist in attorney meetings and court appearances, as available. Total time expectation will be approximately 20-30 hours per week.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • The role autopsy reports play in public health
  • The role autopsy reports play in public safety
  • Role of members of the justice system team
PATH 7510 Selected Topics in Pathology - Section 6 Forensic Pathology Research
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Douglas
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students may develop an individualized course on a topic of their choice under the direction of a faculty member. Students should work with a faculty member to submit the form Elective Proposal to Educational Affairs at least eight weeks prior to the projected start date. The elective must be approved by the Associate Dean for Educational Affairs. Time expectation varies; maximum of 30 hours/week.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

 

Objectives:

Specific objectives are developed by the student and supervising faculty, and customized for each rotation.

PATH 7510 Selected Topics in Pathology - Section 7 Pathology and Medical History in London
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
DeJong
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

This elective week occurs in London, England and includes a specially arranged opportunity to examine the hundreds of remarkably preserved human pathology specimens at the Gordon Museum, each with a provided clinical history. In addition, students will participate in educational and guided tours of the Hunterian Museum at the Royal College of Surgeons, the Old Operating Theatre, the Alexander Fleming Laboratory Museum and a visit to the Wellcome Collection. Students participating in this elective will select an applicable disease or disorder and gather literature about the selected disease before leaving for London. Upon departure for London and after studying the specimens at the Gordon Museum, the student will prepare an educational presentation to be delivered to the other students and faculty on the final day. The supervising pathology department member traveling with the students will approve the student-selected disease or disorder in advance. The specific times noted below are subject to change based on availability of access to some of the collections, which are limited to individuals in the medical community and used for teaching medical students in London.

Students are responsible for all travel, lodging and meal expenses. We hope to be able to arrange for all to stay in the same hotel and be on the same flights, but this would not be a requirement of the elective. Once we identify who will attend, we can proceed with making final arrangements. We are partnering with the professionals at Student Universe to locate the best prices for students studying abroad.

A couple of the museums have a required fee of about $5-10. Students should stay in the Holburn area of London. The required scheduled activities begin Monday morning and continue through Thursday at 5 PM.

Offered: M2 elective week 2

Objectives:
  • Recognize the gross pathological features of multiple medical conditions
  • Gain an understanding of many historical aspects of medicine
  • Observe changes in medical practices
  • Gain familiarity with a specific condition
  • Educate other students and faculty about the condition
  • Gain an appreciation of advances in medical science
  • Recognize variations in medical education
PATH 7510 Selected Topics in Pathology
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Sharghi
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

The student will work alongside pathologists at Bronson Methodist Hospital in the pathology office. Students will shadow pathologist in various fields for five days and will attend conferences that arise. Total expected time will be 20 – 30 hours.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Understand the role and responsibilities of pathologists
  • Differentiate between anatomic pathology and clinical pathology
  • Understand how pathologists gather information to provide a diagnosis
  • Observe and describe gross findings in organs
PATH 7510 Selected Topics in Pathology - Section 8 Anatomic/Clinical Pathology
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Dr. Elizabeth Douglas
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

The student will work alongside pathologists at Bronson Methodist Hospital in the pathology office. Students will shadow pathologist in various fields for five days and will attend conferences that arise. Total expected time will be 20 – 30 hours.

Objectives:

Upon completion of this elective, each student will be able to:

  • Understand the role and responsibilities of pathologists
  • Differentiate between anatomic pathology and clinical pathology
  • Understand how pathologists gather information to provide a diagnosis
  • Observe and describe gross findings in organs
PEDS 7510 Selected Topics in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine - Section 4 Pediatric Pulmonary Clinic
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Gregoire-Bottex
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students with work alongside Myrtha Gregoire-Bottex MD, the Department’s Director of Pediatric Pulmonology. Students will attend morning report with the faculty & resident; they will work with Dr. Gregoire-Bottex in both the outpatient and inpatient setting. Total time expected is 20-30 hours.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Current definition of asthma
  • Pathophysiology of asthma in children and adolescents
PEDS 7510 Selected Topics in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine - Section 7 Pediatric Developmental-Behavioral Clinic
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Apple
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Focus on ADHD. Students will work alongside Dilip R. Patel MD and Helen D. Pratt PhD and colleagues in the outpatient Pediatric Clinic at WMED. Students will attend morning report with the faculty & residents. Total time expected is 20-30 hours.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • DSM-5 definition of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Current tools used for ADHD diagnosis in the pediatric clinic
  • Differential diagnosis of ADHD in children & adolescents
PEDS 7510 Selected Topics in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine - Section 8 Telemedicine in a Rural Pediatric Practice
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Bouchard & Dickson
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

The purpose of this elective is to introduce medical students to the practice of tele-medicine in a rural setting. The Holy Family Healthcare Practice, owned and run by Dr. Don Bouchard, is set in rural Hartford, Michigan. The pediatric practice serves the migrant population. In the practice, Dr. Bouchard has developed outreach to the schools using telemedicine. Providers are in the school and operate the unit. At the practice, the physician is able to diagnose and prescribe treatment for a variety of common illnesses.

Medical students will be able to learn about the use of telemedicine, impact, and will participate in the screening and care of the patients.

Objectives:

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Describe the multiple uses for telemedicine and cost/benefit
  2. Practice diagnosis and prescribing treatment of patients using telemedicine
  3. Present and discuss patient problems encountered in the school system
PEDS 7510 Selected Topics in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine - Section 1 General Pediatrics Clinic
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Gibson
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students will work alongside departmental faculty and supervising residents caring for pediatric patients in the Department’s Pediatric Clinic. Students will attend morning report with the faculty & residents and then attend in the pediatric clinic from 9:00-5:00. Total time expected is 20-30 hours per week.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Normal growth patterns in children
  • Tanner Stage in adolescents
  • Recommended immunizations in Children and Adolescents
PEDS 7510 Selected Topics in Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine - Section 3 Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes Mellitus Clinic
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Draznin
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students with work alongside Martin Draznin MD, the Department’s Director of Pediatric Endocrinology. Students will attend morning report with the faculty & residents and will work with Dr. Draznin in both the outpatient and inpatient setting. Total time expected is 20-30 hours.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Current definition of diabetes mellitus in pediatrics
  • Pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents
PROF 7510 Selected Topics in Profession of Medicine
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Approved faculty (Assistant Professor or higher)
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students may develop an individualized course on a topic of their choice under the direction of a faculty member. Students should work with a faculty member to submit the form Elective Proposal to Educational Affairs at least eight weeks prior to the projected start date. The elective must be approved by the Associate Dean for Educational Affairs.

Objectives:

Specific objectives are developed by the student and supervising faculty, and customized for each rotation.

PSYC 7510 Selected Topics in Psychiatry - Section 1 Inpatient Adult Psychiatry
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Longstreet
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students work directly with psychiatry faculty, residents, and a multi-disciplinary team in an inpatient adult setting. Students assist in patient evaluation and management through their hospitalization. Students attend weekly psychiatry conferences, and total time expectation is 25-30 hours per week.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Assist in conducting evaluations of newly admitted patients.
  • Participate in discussions regarding the diagnosis and treatment plan for patients with various common psychopathologies
  • Gain exposure to basic pharmacology of commonly used psychotropic medications.
  • Gain exposure to the management of patients with a variety of psychopathologies
  • Gain exposure to the satisfactions and challenges of the practice of psychiatry
PSYC 7510 Selected Topics in Psychiatry - Section 2 Inpatient Adolescent Psychiatry
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Longstreet
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students participate in the adolescent inpatient and partial hospitalization programs at Borgess Medical Center, working with child and adolescent psychiatrists, psychiatry residents, and other professionals of the treatment team. Students are exposed to a variety of activities, such as psychological testing, group therapy, individual therapy, family therapy, and activities therapy. Students attend weekly psychiatry conferences, and total time expectation is 25-30 hours per week.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Assist in the evaluation of newly admitted adolescents.
  • Gain understanding of the family and community resources available to patients
  • Participate in discussions of common psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents
  • Gain exposure to basic pharmacology of commonly used psychotropic medications
  • Observe individual and family therapy sessions
  • Gain exposure to the satisfactions and challenges of the practice of child and adolescent psychiatry
PSYC 7510 Selected Topics in Psychiatry - Section 3 Inpatient Geriatric Psychiatry
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Longstreet
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students work directly with psychiatry faculty and residents, and a multi-disciplinary team in an inpatient setting with older adults. Students assist with patient evaluation and management. Students attend weekly psychiatry conferences, and total time expectation is 25-30 hours per week.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Assist in evaluating older adults with psychiatric presentations
  • Gain awareness of the contributions of medical illness and medications to psychiatric presentations
  • Gain exposure to the use and results of psychometric screening instruments
  • Gain exposure to family and community resources available to patients
  • Gain exposure to common neuropsychiatric disorders
  • Gain basic awareness of pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic approaches to manage behavioral problems in the older patient
PSYC 7510 Selected Topics in Psychiatry - Section 4 Hospital Consultation Psychiatry
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Longstreet
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students work directly with psychiatry faculty and residents performing psychiatric evaluations of patients on hospital medical/surgical services referred for psychiatric consultation. Students also attend weekly psychiatry conferences, and total time expectation is 25-30 hours per week.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Be exposed to the assessment of patients with common psychiatric referral problems.
  • Gain a basic understanding of the role of the consultation psychiatrist
  • Gain basic understanding of the role of drug interactions, adverse side effects and poly-pharmacy in psychiatric presentations.
  • Gain exposure to cognitive assessments of delirium and dementia
RAD 7510 Selected Topics in Radiology - Section 1 Interventional Radiology
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Tominna, McCosky
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Student will work alongside interventional radiologists, midlevel providers and other departmental staff to be introduced to the practice of Interventional Radiology. The student will observe interventional radiology procedures, and assist, as appropriate. The student will attend any applicable conferences during his/her elective week. Total time expectations will be 25-30 hours per week.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Understand the interventional radiologist’s role in the healthcare team
  • Demonstrate understanding of the principles of mutual respect, honesty, and discretion in the use of patient clinical and imaging data, as a part of the clinical radiology team, and when interacting with other staff.
  • Gain a basic understanding of the risks, benefits, limitations and indications for common IR procedures.
  • Learn how different imaging modalities are used to guide procedures and begin to understand when each is used (ultrasonography, fluoroscopy, CT).
  • Explain a basic understanding of the indications and techniques of common IR procedures:
  • Understand basic methods used to reduce radiation dose during IR procedures
RAD 7510 Selected Topics in Radiology - Section 2 Diagnostic Radiology
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Tominna, McCosky
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Student will work alongside diagnostic radiologists and other departmental staff to be introduced to the practice of diagnostic radiology. The student will observe diagnostic radiologic procedures and methods, and will assist as appropriate. The student will attend applicable conferences. The total time expectation is 25-30 hours per week.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Be able to discuss the specialty of diagnostic radiology
  • Be able to discuss the diagnostic radiologist’s role on the health care team
  • Be able to discuss the imaging modalities available in the diagnostic radiology department
  • Be able to provide a basic interpretation of a chest x-ray
  • Be able to discuss the principles of mutual respect, honesty, and discretion in the use of patient clinical and imaging data as part of the radiology team
RES 7510 Selected Topics in Research - Section 3 Making Medicines: The Process of Drug Development
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Thomas Blok, MD
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

This course is designed to provide an opportunity to learn about the process of drug development from drug discovery through approval by regulatory authorities. In an eLearning format, students will gain greater understanding of the roles of individuals in all stages of making a new medicine available and be exposed to the nature of research in both the basic science and the clinical science aspects of the process. The nature of the review process by the FDA or other regulatory agencies will be examined as well. The course would be a great opportunity to explore non-traditional career paths for physicians.

Objectives:

Upon completion of this course, each student will be able to:

  1. Describe the drug discovery and development process
  2. Describe the regulatory authorities involved in overseeing drug development
  3. Identify how patients and practicing physicians participate
  4. Identify key stakeholders in the process and how they interact
RES 7510 Selected Topics in Research - Section 1 Exploring Entrepreneurship
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Sandra Cochrane
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

This course is an introductory entrepreneurship course intended to provide participants with a basic knowledge of the entrepreneurial process and language used by business developers. It is intended for participants who are interested in understanding how commercial opportunities are evaluated and how entrepreneurial business are formed and launched. The principal focus of the course will be on the process for creation of new life science technology ventures, the ways that they come into being, and factors associated with their successes. We will analyze entrepreneurship very broadly and consider legitimate ideas oriented towards the formation of an enterprise that creates value by bringing people and resources together. This includes, but isn't limited to, a broad overview about identifying a winning business opportunity, launching a business, being resourceful in one’s business activities, dealing with the liability of newness and smallness, obtaining external funding, growing the organization, and harvesting the rewards of starting and owning a business.  The course is setup to include a mix of lectures, discussions, and independent exercises. In addition, we will have guest speakers join us in the classroom during the week to provide their perspective on the topics we are discussing.

Offered: Various, starting 3/5/18

Objectives:

Upon copletion of this elective, each student will be able to:

  • Define the role of entrepreneurship within society and in your own personal life
  • Recognize the entrepreneurial potential within yourself and others in your enironment
  • Develop an appreciation for and understanding of opportunity discovery, value creation, and innovation
  • Improve your ability to think of new business ideas
RES 7510 Selected Topics in Research - Section 2 Private Sector Research
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Sandra Cochrane
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

This course is an exploratory course intended to provide participants with a basic knowledge of the research activities and functions inside a startup biomedical technology company (pharmaceutical drug development, medical device, healthcare, IT, and/or contract research organization). It is intended for participants who are interested in understanding how medical expertise can be applied in a commercial research setting. The course is setup primarily as a shadowing activity, with students spending time in different client companies at the Innovation Center. There will be a set of introductory classroom events designed to provide background information regarding commercialization processes in healthcare, as well as final discussion sessions designed to review career options and mechanisms for medical professionals to engage in commercialization projects. In addition, we may have guest speakers join us during the week to provide their perspective on the topics we are discussing.

Offered: Various, beginning 03/05/2018

Objectives:

Upon completion of this elective, each student will be able to:

  • Define the role of research in an entrepreneurship environment
  • Recognize the entrepreneurial potential of a medical degree
  • Describe the operational functions of a biomedical start-up company
RES 7510 Selected Topics in Research
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Approved faculty (Assistant Professor or higher)
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

Students may develop an individualized course on a topic of their choice under the direction of a faculty member. Students should work with a faculty member to submit the form Elective Proposal to Educational Affairs at least eight weeks prior to the projected start date. The elective must be approved by the Associate Dean for Educational Affairs.

Objectives:

Specific objectives are developed by the student and supervising faculty, and customized for each rotation.

SIM 7510 Selected Topics in Simulation - Section 1 Medical Simulation
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Lammers
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

This elective is designed to provide students additional exposure and experience in performing a variety of common medical procedures, using the educational resources of WMed’s Library and Simulation Center. Students will learn about, perform, practice and demonstrate student proficiency in five selected medical procedures, chosen from:

  • LMA use
  • Cricothyrotomy
  • Dental blocks
  • Eye irrigation
  • Coaptation splint
  • Long arm splint
  • Long leg splint
  • Short arm splint
  • Short leg splint
  • Sugar tong splint
  • Thumb spica splint
  • Ulnar gutter splint

Education will be on-line via WMed’s access to Procedures Consult. Students may elect to repeat the elective once to gain experience with different procedures. Time expectations are estimated to total approximately 25-30 hours/week.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the indications, contraindications, complications, relevant anatomy, equipment needed, steps to perform and post-procedural care related to the five procedures selected.
SURG 7510 Selected Topics in Surgery - Section 1 Orthopaedic Surgery Subspecialty
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Miller
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

For students interested in surgical subspecialties, students will spend one on one time with faculty in the particular specialty. This will include operative and office time for a total time expectation of approximately 20-30 hours per week. Students will also attend weekly surgery department conferences.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Basic disease processes in specialty
  • Path to matching in specialty
  • Research opportunities
SURG 7510 Selected Topics in Surgery - Section 2 Thoracic Surgery Subspecialty
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Miller
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

For students interested in surgical subspecialties, students will spend one on one time with faculty in the particular specialty. This will include operative and office time for a total time expectation of approximately 20-30 hours per week. Students will also attend weekly surgery department conferences.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Basic disease processes in specialty
  • Path to matching in specialty
  • Research opportunities
SURG 7510 Selected Topics in Surgery - Section 3 Trauma Surgery Subspecialty
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Miller
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

For students interested in surgical subspecialties, students will spend one on one time with faculty in the particular specialty. This will include operative and office time for a total time expectation of approximately 20-30 hours per week. Students will also attend weekly surgery department conferences.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Basic disease processes in specialty
  • Path to matching in specialty
  • Research opportunities
SURG 7510 Selected Topics in Surgery - Section 4 Vascular Surgery Subspecialty
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Miller
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

For students interested in surgical subspecialties, students will spend one on one time with faculty in the particular specialty. This will include operative and office time for a total time expectation of approximately 20-30 hours per week. Students will also attend weekly surgery department conferences.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Basic disease processes in specialty
  • Path to matching in specialty
  • Research opportunities
SURG 7510 Selected Topics in Surgery - Section 5 General Surgery Subspecialty
Credits:
0.5
Directors:
Miller
Grading:
Pass/Fail
Description:

For students interested in surgical subspecialties, students will spend one on one time with faculty in the particular specialty. This will include operative and office time for a total time expectation of approximately 20-30 hours per week. Students will also attend weekly surgery department conferences.

Offered: During Year 1 and 2 elective week

Objectives:
  • Basic disease processes in specialty
  • Path to matching in specialty
  • Research opportunities